Glossar

EN: Unit 10 switch trainer

Hitze

What's the most environmentally-friendly way to heat your house?

weggeben

I gave most of my books away when I left college.

doppelt verglast

Have you got double-glazed windows in your house?

energiesparend

Installing energy-saving light bulbs in your house will dramatically cut your electricity bills.

isoliert

The better insulated your house, the lower your electricity bills will be.

Glühbirne

Do you use energy-saving lightbulbs in your house?

im Standby-Betrieb

Leaving your TV on standby may be more convenient, but less environentally-friendly.

organisch

Do you mind paying extra for organic food?

Verpackung

We need to try and reduce how much packaging we buy and throw away.

vorgekocht

Sicentists say that pre-prepared food is less healthy than organic food.

verarbeitet

Processed food is often more fattening than organic food.

recyceln

How much of your rubbish do you recycle?

Abfall

How many tonnes of rubbish does the average family generate each year?

Secondhand-Ware

There's a fantastic shop in town which sells all sorts of secondhand items.

moralisch leben

Living ethically is not as difficult as you might think.

Herausgeber

After being a teacher for five years, he became an editor of educational textbooks.

loswerden

We got rid of our car and tried to live ethically for six months.

gebären

She’s just given birth to twins.

Hitzewelle

Australia is experiencing its biggest heatwave for a decade.

Kriegszone

You either have to be very brave or very stupid to be a journalist in a war zone!

komplex

Photosynthesis is a highly complex process.

Daten

He’s collecting data for his report.

Gruppe

Is there a problem with gangs in your city?

durch die Hölle gehen

When they got divorced, her husband's lawyer put her through hell.

Reihe

He had a row with his wife about how much she was spending on his credit card.

Argument

There are always arguments in my house at Christmas time.

CO2-Fußabdruck

There are lots of ways you can reduce your carbon footprint.

zwingen

Many companies have been forced to close.

erzwingen

The bad weather compelled me to stay at home.

ausprobieren

I'd never tried aerobics before, so I thought I'd give it a go.

bedauern

We’ve always regretted selling that car.

Müll

Can you take out the garbage?

Halde

We've got a vegetable patch in our garden, so we never need to buy vegetables from the shops.

Abfallkunststoff

This country is one of the biggest producers of waste plastic in the world.

Meer

When I was younger, I wanted to be a marine biologist.

Wüste

The Sahara is the biggest desert on Earth.

sich auflösen

The whole plane just disintegrated in mid-air.

Gesetz

People are punished for breaking the law.

Plan

She's involved in a government training scheme for young people.

nicht gehorchen

She would never disobey her parents.

falsch aussprechen

So many people mispronounce my name and it really annoys me!

missverstehen

I think you misunderstood my question.

wiederverwendbar

I try to take my own reuasable shopping bags to the supermarket.

Untergewicht

Being underweight can be just as dangerous as being overweight.

Aludose

I think all drinks cans should be made from aluminium.

Richtlinie

Prime Minister, what is your policy on immigration?

trotz

She loved him despite the way he treated her.

misstrauen

Many animals mistrust people.

erneuern

You can renew your library books on the internet.

überschätzen

The company overestimated demand for their new product.

unterschätzen

They underestimated the size of the problem.

missbilligen

Her parents strongly disapprove of her lifestyle.

Haushalt

Many households have at least one computer.

Beleuchtung

Better street lighting might help prevent crime.

Gerät

What do you think is the most useful kitchen appliance?

Verschmutzung

Pollution is one of the biggest threat to marine life.

Solarsystem

How many planets are there in our solar system?

Staat

The world’s most important industrial nations are meeting in Tokyo this weekend.

Lebensmittelabteilung

I'm going shopping. Do you need anything from the food hall?

exklusiv

On today's show, we have an exclusive interview with Nelson Mandela.

berstend voll

On the first day of the sales, our shop was bursting with shoppers!

Sushi

Have you ever tried sushi?

Fertignudeln

When I was a student, I lived on instant noodles and toast!

pleite

Many small businesses went bankrupt last year.

kulinarisch

People from the north of Spain are known for their culinary skills.

Meeresfrüchte

We're taking our parents to a seafood restaurant for their anniversary.

eine Mischung aus

The duck-billed platypus of Australia looks like a cross between a duck and a beaver.

Pfannkuchen

Did you eat pancakes for breakfast when you went to the US?

ein Happen zu essen

We had a bite to eat and a couple of drinks before the flight.

gegrillt

Do you prefer grilled or roasted meats?

Garnele

I'm sorry but I can't eat that – I'm allergic to prawns.

frittieren

In many chip shops in Scotland, they will deep fry any food you ask for, even pizzas!

locker

Tempura is prawns and vegetables, deep fried in a light, fluffy batter.

Teig

Fry the fish in batter.

ein und aus

He’s been smoking on and off for ten years now.

Gebäck

Homemade pastry is quite difficult to make.

preiswert

When I go to the supermarket, I always look for products which are good value for money.

herumführen

Would you like me to show you around the office?

Chili

Some people can't stand chillies, but I love them!

möchte lieber

I hate sitting doing nothing – I’d rather be working.

Leidenschaft

Cooking is my passion.

Geldverschwendung

That exercise bike was a complete waste of money – you never use it!

Deko

The décor is a cross between antique and modern.

kinderfreundlich

The restaurant is very child-friendly – it even has a play area.

Spezialität

Grilled fish is our speciality.

Vegetarier

Does your menu have any vegetarian options?

Personal

Lisa’s the only female member of staff at the hotel where she works.

spezielles Angebot

The hotel has a special offer of five nights for the price of three.

Imbiss

When we went to the States this summer, we only ate in diners.

Curry

Curry is seen as a national dish in the UK.

widerstreben

Eating meat goes against everything my parents taught me as a child.

während

Whilst I was waiting to pick up my brother from the airport, I read a gossip magazine.

Umgebungen

When I first started my new job I felt a bit lost, but I soon got used to my new surroundings.

angemessen

I think I did reasonably well on the test.

Gaumenfreude

The cafe serves a range of cakes and other treats.

gefüllt

Try the stuffed peppers – they're really good!

vegan

Paula is a strict vegan.

gemütlich

There's nothing like a big, cosy bed on a cold winter's night!

aufgrund

The planecrash was due to pilot error.

hausgemacht

You can't beat homemade food!

verpflegen

Our restaurant can cater for up to 100 people.

authentisch

If you're looking for authentic Indian food, try this restaurant.

zwei zum Preis von einem

Our local Italian restaurant has a two-for-one deal on pizzas at the moment.

Angebot

Are there any good deals on at your local supermarket?

ausgewählt

We have 50% off on selected sofas this weekend!

fürchterlich

The worst thing about visiting a war zone is seeing children living in appalling conditions.

Kritik

This restaurant's had great reviews.

Gangplatz

Would you prefer the aile seat or the window seat?

Boarding-Karte

Have you printed out our boarding cards?

einsteigen

Passengers in rows 15 to 25 may now board.

einchecken

You must check in two hours before your flight.

Gate

All passengers for the Edinburgh flight go to gate number 4.

Handgepäck

I only take hand luggage if I'm going away for the weekend.

Ausweis

My son holds (=has) an American passport.

Bevorzugtes Boarding

If I could afford it, I'd always pay extra for priority boarding.

sich zu etwas hin bewegen

Would all passengers please proceed to gate number 12.

Röntgengerät

Everyone must have their hand luggage checked by the X-ray machine.

Terminal

They’re building a new terminal at the airport.

abholen

Can you drop me off at the shops on your way to work, please?

wegfahren

The criminals ran out of the bank, got into their car and drove away at top speed.

Eincheck-Schalter

We had to queue for two hours at the check-in desk!

zu nichts führen

Getting angry in post office queues will get you nowhere.

Bombe

The bomb went off in a crowded street.

Droge

The politician admitted taking drugs when she was at university.

Gefängnis

He was sentenced to six years in jail.

Flüssigkeit

You can only take small amounts of liquids in your hand luggage when you fly.

durchlaufen

You must remove all metal jewelry and accessories before going through airport security.

Ablage

Put all your metal items in a tray and collect it from the other side of the X-ray machine.

Abflug-Gate

Would all remaining passengers please go to departure gate 3 as it is about to close.

stören

Don't bother to argue with airport security staff – it's not worth it.

Budget-Hotel

I'm quite happy staying in a budget hotel if it's only for one night.

Dschungel

The Amazon jungle has millions of plants and animals living in it.

sollen

Our hotel was supposed to cost £200 a night, but we got a great deal so we only paid £100!

Malaria

If you're going to Central or South America, you should definitely take malaria tablets to stop you getting ill.

Tablette

She took a couple of sleeping tablets.

wasserdicht

My new watch is waterproof to 200 metres.

Helm

Don't rent a motorbike without a helmet.

schützend

You should wear protective clothing if you're going to rent a motorbike.

Fälschung

Look at the fake Rolex I bought in Asia – it's a Nolex!

Wertgegenstände

Put your valuables in the hotel safe.

eine Tendenz aufweisen

I'm sorry, my husband has a tendency to fall asleep after a couple of drinks!

Verzögerung

There are long delays on the motorway due to an accident.

Moskito

In some countries, mosquitoes can give you malaria.

allgemein

Delays are common on the London Underground.

Moskitonetz

If I were you, I'd take a mosquito net if you're going to sleep in the jungle.

offensichtlich

From her expression, she obviously didn’t want to go to the museum.

insgesamt

On the whole, the local people like tourists.

Sonnenbrand

There's nothing more painful than having sunburn on the soles of your feet.

abwaschen

Try and buy waterproof suncream so it doesn't wash off in the sea.

Koralle

It's illegal to take coral awy from the sea.

Stachelrochen

If you go scuba diving, watch out for stingrays.

unangenehm

Stingrays and jellyfish can give you a nasty sting.

Stachel

Some people are allergic to bee stings.

Ufer

We're staying in a hotel right on the sea shore.

unter Wasser

I really want to practice my underwater photography when we go to Mexico next month.

erzählen

Let's watch this wildlife film narrated by David Attenborough tonight.

schmelzen

Why is the melting ice a problem for polar bears?

jahreszeitlich

You might be able to get seasonal work in the summer.

fallen

House prices have plummeted over the past year.

Landschaft

The landscape of northern Italy is absolutely stunning.

flackern

The candle flickered when the door opened.

aufgehen

The sea level is rising due to global warming.

ertrinken

The boys almost drowned in the river.

in Ihrem Element sein

Graham loves red meat and red wine, so when we went to Argentina on holiday he was in his element!

Seehund

Polar bears hunt for seals through holes in the ice.

aufdecken

I only uncover my swimming pool in the summer.

erwachsen

Many adolescents don't get on very well with their parents.

Junges

Polar bears usually have one or two cubs.

Bruchstück

He had to go to hospital because he had fragments of glass in his foot.

extrem

Millions of people around the world live in extreme poverty.

verhungern

Thousands of people could starve to death if no emergency help can get to them.

gefährdet

The giant panda is classed as an endangered species .

gepflastert

England has many old towns with cobbled streets.

Kopfsteinpflaster

Cobble stones can be very difficult to walk on if you don't have the right shoes on.

bedroht sein

The wildlife of the Amazon rainforest is under threat from deforestation.

Entwickler

Greg's dad made his money as a property developer in the 1980s.

abreißen

The house was demolished in 1968.

Maschine

Diane owns a company which sells agricultural machinery.

Kathedrale

Thomas Becket is buried in Canterbury Cathedral.

Chemikalie

A lot of pollution is caused through the disposal of toxic chemicals into rivers and water supplies.

betreffend

Police are asking for information concerning the accident.

egal welche

Whatever you do, don't tell anyone about the surprise party for Claire!

verschlafen

Sorry I’m late. I overslept.

Wecker

What time do you set your alarm for on weekdays?

Marathon

Last year I ran the London Marathon.